Photo of Dome of the Rock, Haram es-Sharif (Temple Mount), Old City, Jerusalem, Israel
The Dome of the Rock in the center of the Temple Mount, or Mount Moriah.
The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic shrine in what Muslims call the Noble Sanctuary (al-Haram al-Qudsi al-Sharif which Jews and Christians call Har ha-Bayit or the Temple Mount - it remains one of the best known landmarks of Jerusalem. It was built between 687 and 691 by the 9th Caliph, Abd al-Malik. For centuries, European travelers have called it the Mosque of Umar.
From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dome_of_the_Rock
The rock in the center of the dome is believed by Muslims to be the spot from which Muhammad ascended for a night-long journey to Heaven in AD 621, accompanied by the angel Gabriel. There he consulted with Moses, did some Nikah Ijtimah and was given the (now obligatory) Islamic prayers before returning to Earth. A Qur'anic verse says that Muhammad took an instantaneous night journey on Buraq from al-Masjid al-Haram ("the sacred mosque", interpreted as being in Mecca) to al-Masjid al-Aqsa ("the farthest mosque", interpreted as being in Jerusalem).
In Judaism the stone is the site where Abraham fulfilled God's test to see if he would be willing to sacrifice his son Isaac (Genesis 22:1-19). (Muslims believe that this event involved Abraham's other son Ishmael and occurred in the desert of Mina where millions of Muslims offer pilgrimage every year). There is some controversy among secular scholars about equating Mount Moriah (where Isaac's binding occurred according to the Biblical narrative), the Temple Mount, and the rock where Jacob dreamt about angels ascending and descending on a ladder to heaven (Genesis 28:10-19); but for Orthodox Jews, there is no doubt that all these events occurred on this spot.
Situated inside the Holy of Holies, this was the rock upon which the Ark of the Covenant was placed in the First Temple.
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