Photo of Temple of the Cross, Palenque, Chiapas Mexico
Temple of the Cross, The Cross Group, The Ancient Maya City of Palenque Archaeological Park, Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico.
Palenque represents the western regional variant of Classic Maya civilization. Although the earliest occupation of the site dates to about 100 BC, it becomes a major population center only at about 600 AD and all construction at the site has ceased by about 800 AD.
"The low relief carved stone tablets in the sanctuaries of the Cross Group temples, the Temple of the Cross, the Temple of the Sun, and the Temple of the Foliated Cross, built by Chan Bahlum when he was forty-nine years old, are unique as to size and the complicated hieroglyphic information concerning the purpose of each temple, as well as the role of the three Palenque Tirad Gods GI, GII, and GIII, and the dynastic history of the kings and their legitimate right to rulership.
Unlike any other group of buildings in the entire Maya realm, these three temples play the role of a Maya codex (bark paper book) in three parts. History, both real and mythical, is recorded, and it unfolds like the pages of a book from temple to temple."
Merle Greene Robertson, Sculpture and Murals of the Usumacinta Region, in MAYA
Location of picture - Palenque Chiapas Mexico
picture id: 24_mexpal05